Saturday, May 5, 2018

Prosecute the Myanmar government in the ICC for its genocidal crimes against the Rohingya

The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1948 as General Assembly Resolution 260. The Convention entered into force on 12 January 1951.


Article 2 of the Convention defines genocide as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole, or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: (a) Killing members of the group; (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

Article 3 defines the crimes that can be punished under the convention: (a) Genocide; (b) Conspiracy to commit genocide; (c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide; (d) Attempt to commit genocide; (e) Complicity in genocide.

Myanmar/Burma signed the Convention on 30 December 1949 and its ratification was deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations on 14 March 1952.
 
Yet, the Myanmar government - past and present - are guilty of the crimes of genocide against the Rohingya people.
 
The conscientious international citizens need to bring the criminal government of Suu Kyi in Myanmar to the International Criminal Court for its genocidal crimes against the Rohingyas. The info below may help legal experts to bring criminal cases against the major players in Myanmar.
War Crimes Crimes against Humanity Genocide Torture Ordinary Crimes
Country Defined in Law Universal Jurisdiction Defined in Law Universal Jurisdiction Defined in Law Universal Jurisdiction Defined in Law Universal Jurisdiction Universal Jurisdiction
Denmark Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Norway Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Finland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Netherlands Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Germany Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
New Zealand Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Australia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Canada Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
United Kingdom Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Belgium Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Estonia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
Czech Republic Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
United States of A Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Republic of Korea Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
France Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Uruguay Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Poland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Portugal Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Spain Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Chile Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Costa Rica Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Slovenia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Georgia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Italy Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
Croatia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
South Africa Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Ghana Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? No
Hungary Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
Senegal Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Trinidad & Tobago Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? ? ?
Bosnia & Herzegovia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Argentina Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Belarus Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bulgaria Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? No
Macedonia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Panama Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Philippines Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? No
Albania Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Serbia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
El Savador Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Ukraine Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Burkina Faso Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Mexico Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Nicaragua Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kenya Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Honduras Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Uganda Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Ethiopia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Cambodia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Andorra Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Armenia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Azerbaijan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Burundi Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Congo Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
Cuba Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
Cyprus Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
DR of Congo Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Eritrea Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fiji Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Iraq Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Israel Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
Latvia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
Lithuania Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
Luxembourg Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mali Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Malta Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Montenegro Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Niger Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Rwanda Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
Samoa Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
Slovakia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Sudan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Switzerland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes? Yes
Timor-Leste Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 

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